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Large asteroid expected to fly by Earth next month, NASA says

Large asteroid expected to fly by Earth next month, NASA says
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NASA tracks asteroids that make close approaches to Earth. But they may have missed some light, and university researchers identified 11 asteroids not previously classified as potentially hazardous by NASA. They made the discovery with an artificial neural network called Hazardous Object identify air, which they say can predict whether an asteroid is set to collide with Earth. Researchers think the potential impact er's weren't flag due to their chaotic orbits. The asteroids air more than 300 feet wide, which is potentially big enough to level on entire city and make him closer than 10 times the Earth moon distance. But the good news is the asteroids aren't cause for alarm. The rocks chances of smashing into Earth are small, and they won't fly by until 2131 or later. Researchers have work to do to make the network more accurate to use it to detect hazardous objects. One day, the findings were published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics
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Large asteroid expected to fly by Earth next month, NASA says
Video above: New Program Spots 11 Potentially Hazardous Asteroids Not Flagged By NASAOn April 29, an asteroid estimated to be between 1.1 and 2.5 miles wide will fly by Earth. But it's not expected to collide with our planet, thankfully. If it did, the asteroid is "large enough to cause global effects," NASA noted more than two decades ago when the asteroid was first discovered.The asteroid is called 52768 (1998 OR2) and it was first spotted in 1998. It will pass within 3,908,791 miles of Earth, moving at 19,461 mph.The flyby is expected to occur on Wednesday, April 29, at 4:56 a.m. ET, according to NASA's Center for Near Earth Object Studies. They track near-Earth objects that could collide with Earth.The asteroid was classified as a potentially hazardous object because it passes near Earth's orbit, but it's not currently on NASA's list of potential future Earth impact events. Those are gathered and monitored by NASA's Sentry System, "a highly automated collision monitoring system that continually scans the most current asteroid catalog for possibilities of future impact with Earth over the next 100 years."It's the largest asteroid expected to zip by Earth within the next two months, but it's not the largest ever.That honor belongs to the asteroid 3122 Florence (1981 ET3), which flew by and luckily missed colliding with Earth on Sept. 1, 2017. It will make another pass again on Sept. 2, 2057. That asteroid is estimated to be between 2 1/2 and 5 1/2 miles wide.In addition to tracking near-Earth objects that could pose a threat, NASA and other agencies currently have missions underway to study near-Earth asteroids and potentially mitigate the danger of a collision. The observatory is located on the Cerro Pachón ridge in north-central Chile.Knowing the size and orbit of an asteroid is the main battle, as this enables prediction of near-Earth objects.This year, the Vera C. Rubin Observatory will come online and enable the discovery of tens of thousands of asteroids in orbits that could bring them closer to Earth, said Ed Lu, executive director of the Asteroid Institute and a former NASA astronaut."It's an exciting time for planetary defense because we are on the verge of an absolute flood of new observations that will allow us to track 10 times more asteroids than we've ever tracked before," Lu said.Missions like NASA's OSIRIS-REx and Japan's Hayabusa2 are exploring asteroids in our solar system and aim to return samples to Earth in the coming years. The Near-Earth Object Camera, called NEOCam, is characterizing near-Earth objects.Other missions are also planned. NASA's DART, which stands for Double Asteroid Redirection Test, is a planetary defense test to prevent an asteroid from hitting Earth. DART, which has a launch window opening in July 2021, will visit a binary asteroid system where two asteroids orbit one another and aim to deflect a small asteroid.DART will crash into a moonlet (a small natural satellite) of near-Earth asteroid Didymos, that is comparable in size to an asteroid that could pose a threat.The European Space Agency's complementary Hera mission will precisely measure how it changed the velocity of the larger asteroid and study DART's impact crater on the moonlet.

Video above: New Program Spots 11 Potentially Hazardous Asteroids Not Flagged By NASA

On April 29, an asteroid estimated to be between 1.1 and 2.5 miles wide will fly by Earth. But it's not expected to collide with our planet, thankfully. If it did, the asteroid is "large enough to cause global effects," NASA noted more than two decades ago when the asteroid was first discovered.

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The asteroid is called 52768 (1998 OR2) and it was first spotted in 1998. It will pass within 3,908,791 miles of Earth, moving at 19,461 mph.

The flyby is expected to occur on Wednesday, April 29, at 4:56 a.m. ET, according to NASA's Center for Near Earth Object Studies. They track near-Earth objects that could collide with Earth.

The asteroid was classified as a potentially hazardous object because it passes near Earth's orbit, but it's not currently on NASA's list of potential future Earth impact events. Those are gathered and monitored by NASA's Sentry System, "a highly automated collision monitoring system that continually scans the most current asteroid catalog for possibilities of future impact with Earth over the next 100 years."

It's the largest asteroid expected to zip by Earth within the next two months, but it's not the largest ever.

That honor belongs to the asteroid 3122 Florence (1981 ET3), which flew by and luckily missed colliding with Earth on Sept. 1, 2017. It will make another pass again on Sept. 2, 2057. That asteroid is estimated to be between 2 1/2 and 5 1/2 miles wide.

In addition to tracking near-Earth objects that could pose a threat, NASA and other agencies currently have missions underway to study near-Earth asteroids and potentially mitigate the danger of a collision. The observatory is located on the Cerro Pachón ridge in north-central Chile.

Knowing the size and orbit of an asteroid is the main battle, as this enables prediction of near-Earth objects.

This year, the Vera C. Rubin Observatory will come online and enable the discovery of tens of thousands of asteroids in orbits that could bring them closer to Earth, said Ed Lu, executive director of the Asteroid Institute and a former NASA astronaut.

"It's an exciting time for planetary defense because we are on the verge of an absolute flood of new observations that will allow us to track 10 times more asteroids than we've ever tracked before," Lu said.

Missions like NASA's OSIRIS-REx and Japan's Hayabusa2 are exploring asteroids in our solar system and aim to return samples to Earth in the coming years. The Near-Earth Object Camera, called NEOCam, is characterizing near-Earth objects.

Other missions are also planned. NASA's DART, which stands for Double Asteroid Redirection Test, is a planetary defense test to prevent an asteroid from hitting Earth. DART, which has a launch window opening in July 2021, will visit a binary asteroid system where two asteroids orbit one another and aim to deflect a small asteroid.

DART will crash into a moonlet (a small natural satellite) of near-Earth asteroid Didymos, that is comparable in size to an asteroid that could pose a threat.

The European Space Agency's complementary Hera mission will precisely measure how it changed the velocity of the larger asteroid and study DART's impact crater on the moonlet.